Montana Free Press

Election 2024 Guide

Montana's candidates for state and federal office.

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Last update: Jul 9, 2024
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Troy Downing
Montana Republican candidate
for U.S. House District 2 (East)

Troy Downing

State auditor

Active candidates for U.S. House District 2 (East)

General election nominees were selected via the June 4, 2024, primary election.


Downing, 57, is the state’s current state auditor and commissioner of securities and insurance. He has previously worked in the technology, insurance and real estate industries.

Downing grew up in California but has had a home in Montana since 1998. He says he enlisted in the U.S. Air Force and Air National Guard after the September 11 terrorist attacks and served two tours of duty in Afghanistan.

Although Downing has spent much of his time in Montana living in the state’s western congressional district — places like Gallatin Gateway and Big Sky — he lives in Helena in his capacity as a state official.

Downing has served as Montana’s state auditor, or securities and insurance commissioner, since 2021. He chose to make a bid for Congress this year instead of pursuing a second four-year term in that role.

In public statements about his candidacy, Downing has focused on concerns about the southern border and inflation. He has also touted his business and military experience.

“I think that’s what voters want,” he told MTN News in an interview published in May. “They want somebody who is going to show up, roll up their sleeves, do the work — that understands what it’s like to build a business, understand what it’s like to go to war, understands what it’s like to sign the front of a payroll check.

Downing pleaded guilty in 2018 to two misdemeanor charges of obtaining resident hunting licenses for several years while not officially a Montana resident. At the time, Downing argued the matter was the result of his accountants preparing tax forms that listed him as a California resident. According to the Bozeman Daily Chronicle, he was ordered to pay a $2,110 fine and forego hunting and fishing privileges for 18 months.

Downing’s campaign declined to provide responses for MTFP’s spring 2024 candidate questionnaire. This biography is based on prior MTFP reporting and biographical information published this year by the Billings Gazette and MTN News.

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Answers here were solicited from candidates via a written questionnaire conducted by MTFP in April 2024. Responses were limited to 1,000 characters and edited lightly for punctuation and spelling. Candidates were asked to focus on the positives their service would bring the state instead of making rhetorical attacks on their opponents. Responses have not been exhaustively fact-checked.

What do you regard as the biggest issue Montana is facing that Congress is in a position to address? How would you address it if elected or re-elected?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
Can you name a current member of Congress you admire? What do respect about them?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
If President Joe Biden is re-elected, how would you want to work with his administration as a congressman?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
Similarly, if former President Donald Trump is elected, how would you want to work with him?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
Do you regard reining in the federal deficit as a priority? If so, in what budget areas would you support spending cuts or tax increases?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
Would you support federal legislation that either restricts abortion access or guarantees access on a national basis? With what conditions?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
What if anything should Congress do to ensure Montanans have access to affordable housing?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
To what extent do you see climate change as an urgent issue? What if any action should Congress take to address it?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
What if any action should Congress take to change how the nation controls movement across the U.S.-Mexico border?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates
The cost of health care is a concern for many Montanans. What if any federal action would you support to improve the U.S. health care system?
Troy Downing:

No answer provided.

Compare to competing candidates



Based on reporting required by the U.S. Federal Election Commission. See individual candidate committee pages on the FEC website or the FEC race summary page for more information.
Troy Downing (R)
Elsie Arntzen (R)
Denny Rehberg (R)
Ed Walker (R)
thru 2024-05-15
Steve Held (D)
thru 2024-05-15
Joel Krautter (R)
Kevin Hamm (D)
Ming Cabrera (D)
thru 2024-05-22
Ken Bogner (R)
Ric Holden (R)
thru 2024-05-15
Stacy Zinn (R)
thru 2024-05-15
Kyle Austin (R)
thru 2024-06-30
The FEC summary page may include candidates who did not file for the ballot in this race with the Montana secretary of state. Additionally, some active candidates may not appear on this list because they are not required to file paperwork with the FEC until they raise or spend $5,000 on their campaigns.

Election outcomes

June 4 primary – Republican candidates
TROY DOWNING36,05036.2%
DENNY REHBERG17,07017.1%
STACY ZINN13,47813.5%
KEN BOGNER8,9699.0%
RIC HOLDEN7,0637.1%
KYLE AUSTIN3,1383.1%
ED WALKER1,1521.2%
Count reported by Montana secretary of state as of Jun 10, 2024.


When are Montana’s 2024 elections?

Voters will pick which candidates advance to the November general election in the June primary, which is scheduled for Tuesday, June 4. Voters will pick the candidates who will ultimately fill each office on the ballot in the November election, which is set for Tuesday, Nov. 5.

Who runs Montana’s elections?

Montana elections are administered at the county level. The process is overseen by county clerks and election administrators, who help to train and monitor the volunteer election judges that staff the polls. Ballots are typically processed and counted at central county locations, with the results reported to the Montana secretary of state’s office via a statewide software system called ElectMT.

Once polls close, the secretary of state’s office provides results through its website. The state-level office also provides guidance to local election administrators to ensure compliance with state election laws. Additionally, enforcing compliance with some laws governing political campaigns, particularly those involving campaign finance, falls to a separate office known as the Commissioner of Political Practices.

Do I need to be registered in order to vote?

Yes. If you’re unsure about your registration status, you can check it through the Montana secretary of state's My Voter Page. You can register to vote by stopping by your county election office any time during regular business hours to pick up an application. After you’ve filled it out, you’ll need to get it back to your county election office by mail or in person (the latter option is strongly recommended close to Election Day to ensure your application is received in time). If you do present your application in person, you’ll have to provide a photo ID or the last four digits of your Social Security number. If you happen to be applying for a Montana driver’s license or identification card before the election, you can register to vote at the same time.

Can I register to vote on Election Day?

Yes. The state Legislature has sought to enact an earlier registration deadline, but under a March 2024 ruling by the Montana Supreme Court, same-day voter registration remains legal in Montana. Residents can register to vote or update their voter registration at their county’s election office prior to 8 p.m. on Election Day.

Does Montana have voter ID requirements?

Yes, you will be required to present identification when voting at the polls. However, under the Montana Supreme Court’s March ruling, changes made to those requirements by the 2021 Legislature remain blocked. The current forms of identification voters can use at the polls are a current Montana driver’s license, state-issued photo ID, tribal or military photo ID, a U.S. passport or a student ID. If you don’t have a photo ID, you can use a utility bill, a bank statement, a voter confirmation card or any other government document that shows your name and address.

Are there situations where I wouldn't be eligible to vote?

According to state law, you can't vote if you'll be under age 18 on Election Day, are not a U.S. citizen, or have lived in Montana less than 30 days. Convicted felons who are currently incarcerated in a penal facility and people whom judges have ruled to be of unsound mind are also ineligible to vote. Otherwise, you're good to go.

Can I vote online?

No, that’s not an option in Montana.

Can I vote by mail?

Yes, you can sign up as an absentee voter by checking a box on your voter registration form. If you’re already registered to vote, you can fill out a separate form and submit it to your county election office.

If you’re registered as an absentee voter, a ballot should be mailed to you a few weeks in advance of each election day. You can make sure your address is current via the My Voter page. County election officials are slated to mail ballots to voters for the June 2024 primary election May 10.

You can return ballots by mail, or drop them off in person at your county’s election office. Either way, the election office must receive your ballot by 8 p.m. on Election Day in order to count it.

How do I vote in person?

If you plan to vote at the polls, just be sure you know where your polling location is and head there between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m. on Election Day. You'll need to provide a photo ID and sign the precinct register, at which point you’ll get your ballot and be directed to a voting booth. If you have any technical questions or run into any problems, the election judges at your polling place should be able to help you.

I have a friend or family member who isn't able to drop off his or her mail-in ballot. Can I do it for them?

Yes, you can. The Montana Legislature did make some changes to ballot collection laws in 2021 related to paid ballot collection, those changes have also been blocked by the Montana Supreme Court.

Who should I vote for?

That’s your call, not ours. We hope the information we present on this guide is helpful as you make that decision for yourself, though.

About this project

This guide was produced by the Montana Free Press newsroom with production and web development by Eric Dietrich, editing by Brad Tyer and Nick Ehli and contributions from Arren Kimbel-Sannit, Mara Silvers, Alex Sakariassen, Amanda Eggert and Stephanie Farmer. Questionnaire responses for legislatiive candidates were collected with help from the Montana League of Women Voters, through the league's Vote 411 program. Contact Eric Dietrich with questions, corrections or suggestions at

Montana Free Press is a nonpartisan 501(c)(3) nonprofit, reader-supported news organization serving Montana. MTFP's donor base includes supporters from across Montana's political spectrum, including some Montanans who are candidates in this year's election. MTFP's major donors are listed here and a current list of other supporters is available here. MTFP's news judgments are made entirely independently from donor involvement.

This material is available for republication by other media outlets under Montana Free Press' standard distribution terms.